Home Feed
Home
Search
Search
Add Review, Blurb, Quote
Add
Activity
Activity
Profile
Profile
BGam

BGam

Joined October 2019

review
BGam
Clockwork Princess | Cassandra Clare
post image
Pickpick

⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐

Goosebumps All the way… this book is everything. It‘s heart wrenchingly romantic. An eternal love story of three people. At times it felt unbelievably impossible to have such a connection in a triangle love story but Cassandra Claire has a way with her words.. she is a magician when it comes to spinning beautiful phrases. Cont. 👇

BGam It‘s only because of the way she wrote that helped me go through the entire book without ever dreading for a moment to have to start taking a side with one relationship in particular. In this case, I favoured both Tessa and Will and Tessa and James. I loved how sensitively the entire love triangle was handled without hurting any party in particular. Everyone got to taste their ups and downs. It was perfectly balanced. It was like Cassandra Claire herself was in love with both Will and James. I think the Parabatai connection between James and Will was the main reason why Tessa was equally in love with both of them. But somehow, somewhere I felt Tessa loved James out of sympathy but I‘d like to avoid thinking that now as things didn‘t end up too bad for either of them. It‘s a HEA ending!!

An emotional roller coaster. I was surprised to see that this book was quite dark although a YA, not only the way the 19th century London was portrayed but also the actions, reactions and the emotions that were conveyed was very intense. It was totally immersive. The whole genre bent towards dark, gothic romance fantasy. I really enjoyed it.

The deep love between Will and James is incredible. How could she create so much love between them without making them look like homosexual partners? How she even made possible for Will and James to have such wonderful fulfilling lives with Tessa was absolutely soul satisfying.

The epilogue just took my breath away. It was so satisfying to know how it all ended and began again for Tessa, Will and James. Fantastic story telling.

WILL HERRONDALE IS THE ULTIMATE ULPHA MALE FANTASY HERO. Wish I had discovered him earlier. 😊
10mo
37 likes1 stack add1 comment
review
BGam
Ruin and Rising | Leigh Bardugo
post image
Pickpick

5⭐ Wow!

He pressed a kiss to the top of my hair. "I will strip away all that you know, all that you love, until you have no shelter but me."

Amazing amazing. Beautiful conclusion. So satisfying!
Mel and Elena...what a love story!
#youngadult
#fantasyfiction

review
BGam
post image
Pickpick

1. Clockwork Angel (3⭐)
2. Clockwork Prince (4⭐)

#fantasyfiction
#youngadult
#annotations
#romance
#tessaandwillherondale
#swoonheartheart❤❤❤

39 likes1 stack add
review
BGam
Seven Husbands of Evelyn Hugo | Taylor Jenkins Reid
post image
Pickpick
CourtSmall I love this book - I think it portrays all the emotions/relationships exceptionally well 10mo
BGam @CourtSmall absolutely 10mo
45 likes2 stack adds2 comments
review
BGam
Siege and Storm | Leigh Bardugo
post image
Pickpick

⭐⭐⭐ lot of stuff happens in this. Alina and Mal's relationship is tested. Alina has to make some hard choices. She has yet to learn a lot about her powers and yet to grow as a confident and a mature leader. Politics vs religion is a strong theme.
Many plots were predictable but m eager to know the ending in the third book. A pleasant read.

oscarwhylde I love this book!! 11mo
BGam @oscarwhylde absolutely 👍 11mo
45 likes2 comments
blurb
BGam
Shadow and Bone | Leigh Bardugo
post image

Shadow and Bone Trilogy # 1

⭐⭐⭐.5

Only because of Mal (from the show) I started reading this. It's a nice story. Nothing extraordinary, but not bad either. Six of crows had better plot twists and more mature in writing. Grisha trilogy is for teens and adults who like simple fantasy stories.
Tropes #chosenone #childhoodlovestory #shadowenemies #handsomeheroes

47 likes1 stack add
review
BGam
The Toll | Neal Shusterman
post image
Pickpick

5⭐️
I wanted to give it a 4 star but decided not to intellectualise the story too much. Suffice to say that the book kept me hooked till the end and the conclusion although a bit too extreme was alright. It didn‘t leave me heartbroken.. all‘s well that ends well! One tiny issue, I think thunderhead in fact used the world and it‘s people as its sandbox to play around with! It‘s a coloniser and eventually, mortality had the last laugh on earth.

blurb
BGam
Jade City | Fonda Lee
post image

TBR 2021

Lucy_Anywhere Some great books you have there - City of Stairs is a particular favourite! Hope you enjoy it as much as I did 12mo
BGam @Lucy_Anywhere thank you...m looking forward to reading it...😊 12mo
40 likes1 stack add2 comments
blurb
BGam
Illuminae | Amie Kaufman, Jay Kristoff
post image

TBR 2021

TheSpineView Loved this series! 12mo
BGam @TheSpineView yes...and I m looking forward to reading them 😊 12mo
40 likes2 stack adds2 comments
blurb
BGam
Renegades | Marissa Meyer
post image

TBR 2021

38 likes1 stack add
blurb
BGam
Chain of Iron | Cassandra Clare
post image

TBRs 2021

38 likes1 stack add
review
BGam
Thunderhead | Neal Shusterman
post image
Pickpick

5 ⭐️ Oh my! This was extraordinarily brilliant. Don‘t have enough superlatives to describe this book...

✅ fast paced read
✅ mind blowing plot twists
✅ thought inducing phrases by the thunderhead
✅ explosive ending literally & figuratively
✅ scalp trickling scenes & dialogues
✅ futuristic science fantasy fiction

(Cont. 👇)

BGam I really enjoyed the thoughts given out by the thunderhead. They really made me think about life and death in general. The story progression was quick. It couldn‘t be put down. In this book, we get to know more about their world in general, the historical background of seats of power of the scythes, their literature and also we get to read about the unsavouries, who are the socially outcast groups...(Cont. 👇) 12mo
BGam of people that defy the authorities and the rules of the thunderhead and how the thunderhead uses one of them as a bridge between itself and the scythedom ...
Don‘t think, just go for it. You won‘t regret it. A very intelligent story and extremely well written without ever getting boring even for a second.
(edited) 12mo
42 likes2 stack adds2 comments
review
BGam
Scythe | Neal Shusterman
post image
Pickpick

⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐

WOW WOW.. I M LITERALLY HOWLING. The entire plot was so refreshing and very unique. A utopian world with such a dystopian essence.. I d rather prefer my mortal era than to live in a post mortal age where the scythedom would decide ur death.. as it always has been said since time immemorial that absolute power corrupts absolutely.. so does even in the post mortal age where there is no poverty, hunger, religion and government. Cont.👇

BGam But no world can be utopian till there are humans because as the saying goes “to err is human”. There r Some very interesting concepts in this book, like there being no governance by political leaders, no police officers as there are no crimes as there are no deaths.. more like deadish and deadish people will be revived in the revival centres.. only two entities have absolute power over the people of the world, the thunderhead (cont. 👇) 12mo
BGam ( a massive AI with a conscience who has taken over the role of governments and even gods) and the scythedom who are independent of the thunderhead but consists of humans who have the absolute right to kill people to control the population of the world. A very thought provoking book but a good mix of high school level entertainment. (Cont. 👇) 12mo
BGam Loved the way Rowan has been portrayed.. an anti-hero with a twist but description of his growth ( as a fighter and a dark enigma) is crush worthy 😍). Definitely moving to the second book.. Thunderhead.. as it is I was so eager to know more about the powers of thunderhead. The last chapter gave me goosebumps😇 12mo
33 likes1 stack add3 comments
blurb
BGam
post image

I couldn‘t resist picking these up from the bookshop. They are absolutely gorgeous. Pretty little editions of Pride & Prejudice with illustrations and The Wizard of Oz.

blurb
BGam
post image

MARCH 2021 TBR
1. Oathbringer (Stormlight Archive #3)
2. Kitaro, the vampire slayer (Manga)
3. The Governess Game by Tessa Dare

review
BGam
Truly Devious: A Mystery | Maureen Johnson
post image
Pickpick
review
BGam
The Silent Patient | Alex Michaelides
post image
Pickpick

The Silent Patient 4.5 ⭐️
Truly Devious 3.5 ⭐️

#Febread
#Mystrythriller
#MysterydetectiveYa

review
BGam
post image
Pickpick

5 ⭐️
What an amazing story. Although it took me a month to read this book, due to lack of time but I thoroughly enjoyed every page when I took out time to read it. Ending was super. We get to see Fitz grow up to be a big built man here 💪 and his anger episodes were very satisfying. Some action from him was what I was waiting for 😜. Love his relationship with Nighteyes and looking forward to more of their adventures together in the next book.

LazyOwl 💕 this series 1y
TrishB Great series ♥️ 1y
BGam @LazyOwl absolutely 1y
BGam @TrishB absolutely 💓 1y
44 likes4 stack adds4 comments
blurb
BGam
Twin Spins! | Sienna Mercer
post image
LazyOwl 💕 Windwitch 1y
BGam @LazyOwl 💓 yes 1y
TheAromaofBooks Woohoo!! 1y
35 likes3 comments
review
BGam
Serpent & Dove | Shelby Mahurin
post image
Pickpick

3⭐️
Witches and witch hunters. Typical story of enemies turn lovers in a made up marriage. I was surprised by some revelations but I didn‘t care much for the story. Well written though, plot is ok, clean cut story. Told from the PoV of both male and the female protagonists. Ending is good enough to leave the book at that. I won‘t however be reading the next one in this series. But it was not bad at all.
@TheAromaofBooks #bookspin #doublespin

TheAromaofBooks I've seen a lot of mixed reviews for this one. 1y
BGam @TheAromaofBooks it‘s neither bad nor good.. i mean it‘s a story which has been written and read before. But very well written. 1y
35 likes1 stack add2 comments
review
BGam
Goals | Tracy
post image
Pickpick

Yay!!! I finished my GoodReads Goal before the year ended. 50 Books in 2020
#GoalAccomplished

Buechersuechtling 👏🏼👑👏🏼 1y
bookaholic1 Congratulations!! 1y
BGam @Buechersuechtling thank you 😊 1y
See All 6 Comments
BGam @bookaholic1 thank you 😊 1y
Nute Congratulations!🙌🏽 1y
BGam @Nute thank you 😊 1y
40 likes6 comments
review
BGam
Crush: Crave Bk 2 | Tracy Wolff
post image
Pickpick

2.5 ⭐️ I loved “Crave” and that‘s why I went on to read “Crush”. I loved Jaxon and Grace‘s relationship in Crave and wasn‘t really disappointed about it in Crush either but the direction towards which the story is moving, I have a feeling that Tracy Wolff wants to jump ships and she wants a more powerful vampire 🧛‍♀️. But She is getting all messed up in her approach towards getting the desired outcome.
Cont.👇

#bookspinbingo
@TheAromaofBooks

BGam In the process, she is not only hurting the sentiments of the readers who loved her first book but she also is getting all her magic system mixed up. Ms. Wolff in trying to make Grace look bad ass, she has infact made her whiny, pseudo idealistic and overly aggressive. This book lacked direction. She wasn‘t sure if she wanted it to be a YA paranormal romance or a Harry Potter rehashed. Crave started off as twilight fan fiction but well written. (edited) 1y
BGam But Crush is a bad skirmish of Harry Potter (quidditch/ludares game), A court of Mist and Fury, 100% Vampire Diaries and I felt there was even a bit of “Ignite Me” vibes with all the world destruction with the swing of your hands going on. It‘s fine, with the way Fantasy stories are being released nowadays, there‘s nothing original left to be consumed, in fact I love fan fictions but this plot twist was immature and forceful. 1y
BGam Really I understand when that happened in A court of Mist and Fury, there was actually no love lost and no chemistry between Tamlin and Feyre but here what she is doing with Jaxon and Grace is totally uncalled for and completely negates all the hard work she put in bringing the deep bond b/w Grace and Jaxon. I pray she gets her senses back and write the 3rd one with her heart and not with her head. (edited) 1y
TheAromaofBooks I hate it when a sequel goes off the rails!!! 1y
31 likes4 comments
review
BGam
post image
Pickpick

3.5⭐️ Vamprys and Wolven! Despite these familiar monsters and magic system, the story was nice. Although it dragged a bit in the middle, the last few chapters were engrossing and somewhat predictable. Poppy was a fantastic female character. I loved the way she fought and defended herself. I so wish she could hit Hawke once. I found him abusive 😖. The romance was so-so. A female centric story all in all.
#bookspinbingo
@TheAromaofBooks

TheAromaofBooks Woohoo!! 1y
36 likes1 comment
blurb
BGam
post image

Started reading for #bookspin, #bookspinbingo and my December TBR list. So far so good 😊
@TheAromaofBooks

TheAromaofBooks Love that cover!! 1y
BGam @TheAromaofBooks thank you 😊 1y
32 likes3 stack adds2 comments
blurb
BGam
Bingo Love | Tee Franklin
post image

@TheAromaofBooks

My Bingo Card layout from GoodNotes.

#bookspin - Imagine Me (19)
#doublespin - serpent and dove (9)

#DecemberTBRs

TheAromaofBooks Woohoo!! Looks great!! 1y
BGam @TheAromaofBooks 🥰💓💐 1y
LazyOwl Some great reads here. I loved the Witchlands series 1y
BGam @LazyOwl 🥰💓💐 1y
23 likes4 comments
blurb
BGam
Cover to Covers | Alexandrea Weis
post image

Such pretty covers. New book “CRUSH” part 2 of the Crave series by Tracy Wolff and my sticker filled kindle! 💓

blurb
BGam
SPIN-selling | Neil Rackham
post image
review
BGam
Restore Me | Tahereh Mafi
post image
Pickpick

#BOOKSPINBINGO.Finally managed to complete a row for November. RESTORE ME was 🌟🌟🌟.The ending was unpredictable although as I ve been saying from the beginning, this series is very average and the story and plot unoriginal and cliched. However, i d like to read the next 2 books too as this one ended with a cliffhanger. I think I have finally started liking Warner, romance is the central theme and the rests just props. @TheAromaofBooks

TheAromaofBooks Yay bingo!!!!! 1y
25 likes1 comment
review
BGam
Ignite Me | Tahereh Mafi
post image
Pickpick

🌟🌟🌟
Much better than the previous 2. At least readable and finally the relationships and character growth was okay. This book is not meant for people looking for more adult fantasy romance, because the romance is very teenage and YA. It‘s basically kiddish, even the dialogues are very cliched. Don‘t understand the hype.. maybe the high rating is due to more YA readers. The book is just average.

review
BGam
Crave | Tracy Wolff
post image
Pickpick

🌟🌟🌟🌟 REFRESHING! Although it‘s a Twilight retell, this book has much more swoon and spunk. The vampire concept is explained as a biological evolution and thus feels quite realistic. Loved the Katmere Academy description, the whole old world castle thing was beautiful. And Grace and Jaxon Vega 🥰🥰 OMG. Such a fantastic romance. I loved Grace‘s voice. She was funny, innocent and cute. And she loved deeply and passionately. CONT. 👇

BGam Her reactions to her surrounding was natural and realistic which I enjoyed as a reader. Her thought process didn‘t frustrate me and the pages just kept turning. And Jaxon, OMG, so HOT 🥵, a perfect 🧛 hero, who is the vampire world prince, intense, brooding, powerful and shatters the earth with his emotions 👅. BTW the suspense is amazing too, some unexpected plot twists and lots of making out but not cringy. Wholesome entertainment. Loved It. 2y
33 likes2 stack adds1 comment
review
BGam
post image
Pickpick

⭐️⭐️ N HALF. Just got done with the 1st and 2nd books. I was more interested in finishing them for #bookspinbingo rather than actually enjoying the story. A very weak plot. A mix of X-Men and the Hunger games set up but love triangle romance being the central piece. Major chunk of the narration is the internal monologue of the main protagonist, Juliette. I did get very irritated with her constant self doubts and helpless attitude. Cont.👇#bookspin

BGam Kenji was a good character mainly because he spoke out correctly about Juliette‘s attitude in one of the scenes.. which was well deserved and I m sure many readers would agree with him. The other characters didn‘t appeal to me so much.. anyhow at least they were quick reads to tick off for my #bookspinbingo Happy to read! @TheAromaofBooks 2y
Buechersuechtling 🙇🏽‍♀️ I very much enjoyed your review even if that constant soliloquy and constant self doubts plus helpless attitude made me bail on it quickly years ago. Nice to see your review confirm how few I missed. 😉 2y
TheAromaofBooks Woohoo!! 2y
36 likes5 comments
blurb
BGam
Twin Spins! | Sienna Mercer
post image

@TheAromaofBooks

#bookspin
#doublespin
#bookspinbingo

October reading was a disaster... just managed to read only 3 books. Will try again in November.

TheAromaofBooks Woohoo!! Each month is a new start!!! 2y
BGam @TheAromaofBooks 😎💐👍 thank you 😊 2y
31 likes2 comments
blurb
BGam
Oathbringer | Brandon Sanderson
post image

Reading Book 3 of the Stormlight Archive. Already pre-ordered Book 4, The Rhythm of War which releases on the 18th of November 2020.

#bookspin
#boospinbingo
#oathbringer
#octoberread

@TheAromaofBooks

TheAromaofBooks It's always so fun to have a series you're invested in!!! 2y
BGam @TheAromaofBooks yes it is 😍 2y
31 likes1 stack add2 comments
review
BGam
post image
Pickpick

5 ⭐️

Every detail in this book was amazing. It hooked me from the first page. It wasn‘t a high fantasy novel. But I love a set up where the character is an underdog and eventually becomes the Hero. Fitz‘s story from his childhood has been told so beautifully by Hobb, it‘s like reading an autobiography. A fine balance between fine writing and an entertaining story!

#Doublespin
#bookspinbingo
#OctoberRead

@TheAromaofBooks

TrishB Best series ever ♥️ 2y
BGam @TrishB yes it‘s amazing 😊 2y
TheAromaofBooks I've heard so many great things about Robin Hobb but still haven't read any of her books!! 2y
BGam @TheAromaofBooks they are amazing, must read 😊 2y
36 likes1 stack add4 comments
blurb
BGam
post image

My next TBRs for #bookspinbingo
#Octoberread

32 likes1 stack add
review
BGam
Truthwitch: Witchlands 1 | Susan Dennard
post image
Pickpick

⭐️⭐️⭐️
A fun read over all. Although I forced myself to read it despite my dislike for magical sea creatures, pirates and too much of fighting sequences (it‘s difficult to visualise it). Nice reveals. The only thing that‘s keeping me hooked to this book is the Cahr Awen theme, an ancient prophecy that is coming true for the witchlands world. But The author needs to put a page for word meanings for reference as there r many foreign words.

daisyheadmaesie This sounds awesome!! 2y
29 likes2 stack adds2 comments
blurb
BGam
post image

#BookSpinBingo
#OctoberReads
#Bookspin = OATHBRINGER by Brandon Sanderson
#Doublespinbingo = Assassin‘s Apprentice by Robin Hobb

@TheAromaofBooks

TheAromaofBooks Yay!! Looks fantastic!! 2y
BGam @TheAromaofBooks thanks 😊 2y
24 likes2 comments
blurb
BGam
The Spinoff Book | Toby Manhire, Toby Morris
post image

My October Book Spin List.
#bookspinbingo
#bookspin
#doublespin

@TheAromaofBooks
@Clwojick YOUR LAYOUTS ARE SO AMAZING... your work is my inspiration 💐😊

Clwojick 😱😍 THANK YOU!! This spread looks great! 2y
BGam @Clwojick thank you 😊🙏 2y
TheAromaofBooks Yay!!! 2y
32 likes3 comments
review
BGam
The Little Prince | Antoine de Saint-Exupry
post image
Pickpick

⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️

The narrator‘s English accent was amazing. What a sad ending though ☹️.. a somber feel to the narration and such loneliness oozed from the story..

THAT WHICH IS IMPORTANT IS INVISIBLE TO THE EYES, ONE CAN ONLY SEE CLEARLY AND TRUELY FROM THE HEART 💓

Cathythoughts ❤️💔 2y
31 likes1 comment
blurb
BGam
Truthwitch: Witchlands 1 | Susan Dennard
post image

SO FAR SO GOOD! The only problem with this book is it starts without a start 🤨 not much world building, no fancy intro, no description of how the main characters look, just few stingy lines but one is able to understand the Witchery and the magic and the world as you read along. It‘s an un-glamorous world with grime ridden actors and towns. Those who don‘t care for such things can read this, but it took me sometime to get used to it...

blurb
BGam
Truthwitch: Witchlands 1 | Susan Dennard
post image

Moving on to the “Witchlands Series”

#SeptemberReading
#YAFantasy
#goodreadsgoal2020

review
BGam
post image
Mehso-so

⭐️⭐️.5
A month to read this book! The story was far too stretched. Usually her concluding chapters are good, but in this book, even the ending was highly predictable and a whimper after such a looooong build up. Amarantha was a better villain than Hybern king. I just don‘t understand how people vomit when they are anxious, terrorised and facing other extreme emotions 🤨 Also I tried sticking out my tongue to someone when irritated but..cont👇

BGam Couldn‘t do it like the high fae ladies 🤪. It was a long stupid bantering of a story. Liked only 2 scenes. Tamlin‘s entrance to the high lords meeting and his seething anger towards Feyre (deserving) and Rhys‘s emotional speech for his team at the end before going off to the war. Not much of a story here but very many scenes which the author tried to just expand as much as possible... (edited) 2y
31 likes1 stack add1 comment
blurb
BGam
Midnight Sun | Stephenie Meyer
post image

#midnightsun
#twilightseries
#thetwilightgeneration

That pomegranate looks disgusting though 🤢yikes!

UPDATE: I bailed because Edward‘s PoV was very boring.. infact I started snoring 😴 after reading the first few chapters... I was in no mood to do a thesis on Bella Swan. Perhaps I ll go for it sometime later when I m so extremely bored that this boring book will not seem so boring 😆.

37 likes1 stack add
blurb
BGam
post image

Had to start this after A court of mist and fury as it ended with a cliffhanger.

Endowarrior21 One of my favorite series 2y
BGam @Endowarrior21 yes it‘s a good series, m quite enjoying it! 2y
kymmiesreads Did you like it??? 2y
BGam @kymmiesreads m still on it.... will update in a few days. 2y
36 likes4 comments
review
BGam
A Court of Mist and Fury | Sarah J. Maas
post image
Pickpick

⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️ “Rhys and Feyre”, what a classy and a sexy couple! The initial build up on the romance front was so slow, I had left it midway and read and finished another book. But when I resumed it, I don‘t know something just changed so drastically in Rhys, as if the authoress decided to just explode with the romance angle after keeping it suppressed for too long 😜. Amazing plot, last bit was excellent with all the declarations n amazing ending!

kymmiesreads My ALL TIME FAVORITE book!!! 2y
kymmiesreads Definitely read Crescent City, if you haven't already! It's Sarah J Maas' first adult fantasy book. Its 800 pages but so amazing! 2y
BGam @kymmiesreads that‘s my next TBR 😃 2y
33 likes3 comments
blurb
BGam
post image

⭐️⭐️⭐️ and a half. AN OK BOOK.

Phewww... just cannot put it down. It‘s just that great. A genuine story told from the perspective of a person who once was a former colleague and a close friend of Ted Bundy and who coincidentally or as destiny willed it, eventually became a part of the investigation of the missing girls all leading to Bundy.

#tedbundy
#serialkillers
#crime
#nonfiction

Cathythoughts This one is so good 👍🏻 2y
30 likes2 stack adds1 comment
quote
BGam
A Court of Mist and Fury | Sarah J. Maas
post image

I love this quote... it hits the truth right!

magyklyXdelish Agh right in the feels 😩 2y
25 likes1 stack add1 comment
review
BGam
post image
Pickpick

I m surprised that I actually went on to really enjoy this book. The beginning 65% was lacklustre. Not much plot, romance was poor (heck! when did Feyre and Tamlin fall in love so deeply, did I miss out something?) It wasn‘t even a slow buildup, it was just directionless. One heroine, one magical hero, one sidekick, a big manor and some magical creatures thrown in. But the last 25% of the book did it for me. Action packed and some good reveals.

review
BGam
Eclipse = Eclipse | Stephenie Meyer
post image
Pickpick

The TRUTH is Twilight saga was always about Bella and Jacob! How didn‘t I know that? I love Edward but he was relegated to being a supporting prop in every successive book. Meyer had me for a fool for years till I re read the books😀. Twilight series was all about the unfulfilled love between Bella and Jacob and Edward was just a glitch in Bella‘s brain that prevented her from being with Jacob...
I will always love this series ⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️🧛‍♂️

blurb
BGam
New Moon | Stephanie Meyer
post image

Moving on to New Moon.

#twilightsaga
#midnightsun

36 likes2 stack adds